A healthy and functioning skin barrier is important protector against dehydration, penetration of various microorganisms, allergens, irritants, reactive oxygen species and radiation. The skin barrier may be specifically adjusted to allow penetration, such as through touching and squeezing areas on the face to break the skins natural barrier. For this reason, daily skin care may increase skin regeneration, elasticity, smoothness, and thus temporarily change the skin condition. However, it is necessary to stop the degradation of the skin primary structural constituents, such as collagen and elastin, to prevent the formation of wrinkles. Although the technology required to suitably deliver these compounds into the skin has not yet been developed, some products do promote the natural synthesis of these substances and is how the Dr SPP product range has been formulated. Another integral approach preventing wrinkle formation is the reduction of inflammation by topical or systemic antioxidants which should be used in combination with sunscreens and retinoid to enhance their protective effects along with a moisturiser to support overall skin hydration.
45-y-old female with signs of photo/UV-aged skin: dyschromia of the skin, multiple lentigines (A) before, (B) after one treatment.
Source; Ganceviciene, R., Liakou, A.I., Theodoridis, A., Makrantonaki, E. and Zouboulis, C.C., 2012. Skin anti-aging strategies. Dermato-endocrinology, 4(3), pp.308-319.
The skin anti-aging strategies attempted to reverse the dermal and epidermal signs of photo- and chronological aging can be grouped under the following approaches;
- Daily skin care routine to fight the key signs of aging
- Correct sun protection for healthy looking skin
- Aesthetic non-invasive formulas to heal and repair the skin
Topical medicine agents or topical agents:
- Antioxidants to reduce free radicals and skin damage
- Cell regulators
- Chemical peelings to remove dead skin cells and trigger inflammation
- Visible light devices to penetrate deep into the skin and trigger biological processes
- Intense pulsed light (IPL)
- Ablative and non-ablative laser photo–rejuvenation
- Radiofrequency (RF)
- Injectable skin bio-stimulation and rejuvenation
- Prevention of dynamic wrinkles
- Correction of static, anatomical wrinkles
- Restoration (redistribution) of fat and volume loss, skin augmentation and contouring
- Hormone replacement therapy
Avoiding of exogenous factors of aging, correction of life style and habits:
- Solar UV irradiation
- Nutrition, diet restriction and alimentary supplementation
- Physical activity
- Control of general health
The most important and proactive steps which can be taken to delay and even reverse the aging process it to employ a scientifically proven skin care routine to protect the skin, prevent damage and repair the tissue to ensure healthy younger looking skin for as long as genetically possible. The use of a daily skin care routine, cosmetic grade sun protection and moisturising cream in clinically formulated products, will help heal and repair the skin will ensure you have healthy looking skin well into old age.